# ValueError exception in Python code examples

## What does ValueError mean in Python?

If a function in Python receives an argument that is of the correct type but has an inappropriate value, it raises a ValueError. This exception is used when the situation does not fall under a more specific exception like IndexError.

## 2. An example of a ValueError.

If you perform mathematical operations like taking the square root of a negative number, you will encounter a ValueError.

```
>>> import math
>>>
>>> math.sqrt(-10)
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
ValueError: math domain error
>>>
```

## Dealing with an Exception related to ValueError.

I will provide one alternative for paraphrasing the given sentence natively:

“Let me present a straightforward instance where a ValueError exception can be managed using a try-except block.”

```
import math
x = int(input('Please enter a positive number:\n'))
try:
print(f'Square Root of {x} is {math.sqrt(x)}')
except ValueError as ve:
print(f'You entered {x}, which is not a positive number.')
```

Here are the results of the program when different kinds of input are used.

```
Please enter a positive number:
16
Square Root of 16 is 4.0
Please enter a positive number:
-10
You entered -10, which is not a positive number.
Please enter a positive number:
abc
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/Users/scdev/Documents/PycharmProjects/hello-world/scdev/errors/valueerror_examples.py", line 11, in <module>
x = int(input('Please enter a positive number:\n'))
ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 10: 'abc'
```

To handle all possible ValueError scenarios, we can use a nested try-except block in our program that covers both the int() and math.sqrt() functions. The updated code snippet manages these situations effectively.

```
import math
try:
x = int(input('Please enter a positive number:\n'))
try:
print(f'Square Root of {x} is {math.sqrt(x)}')
except ValueError as ve:
print(f'You entered {x}, which is not a positive number.')
except ValueError as ve:
print('You are supposed to enter positive number.')
```

## 4. Throwing a ValueError within a function

Here’s an easy instance where we throw a ValueError when the input argument is of the right type but has an unsuitable value.

```
import math
def num_stats(x):
if x is not int:
raise TypeError('Work with Numbers Only')
if x < 0:
raise ValueError('Work with Positive Numbers Only')
print(f'{x} square is {x * x}')
print(f'{x} square root is {math.sqrt(x)}')
```

## 5. Citations

- Python Exception Handling
- ValueError Python Docs

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