How to configure a firewall in FreeBSD?

In FreeBSD, you can use either IPFW or PF to configure a firewall. Here are the basic steps for configuring a firewall using PF.

  1. Edit the /etc/pf.conf file, which is the configuration file for PF. You can use a text editor like vi or nano to modify this file.
  2. Set up rules in the pf.conf file, for example:
# 默认策略:拒绝所有流量
set block-policy drop

# 允许本地流量
set skip on lo0

# 允许来自已经建立的连接的流量
pass in on egress from any to any keep state

# 允许指定端口的流量通过
pass in on egress proto tcp from any to any port 80
  1. Enable the PF firewall using the command:
sudo pfctl -f /etc/pf.conf
sudo pfctl -e
  1. To automatically load the PF configuration at system startup, you can edit the /etc/rc.conf file and add the following line:
  1. Restart the system for the configuration to take effect.

Please note that the above are just basic PF firewall configuration steps; specific rules and settings will depend on your network environment and security requirements. It is recommended to have a good understanding of PF syntax and functionality before configuring the firewall.

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